Melia Azedarach Herbal Pictures
The Bead tree is a ayurvedic herb reputed in Anorectal disorders like Piles or Hemorrhoids. It is known in Ayurveda as ‘Mahanimba‘ or ‘Bakayan‘. Persian lilac or Bead tree is its english name. The name of this herb is after the ‘Nimba’ or margossa tree or Azadirachta indica. The fruits of the two plants are similar. Its Latin name is Melia azedarach Linn.
See the herb pictures of this ayurvedic herb.
There is another species of this medicinal herb. It is Melia composita Willd. This herb has big leaves and fruits. It is also found in Asam, Orissa, Bengal and on the western coast of India.
This ayurvedic herb is found in Himalayan forests up to 3000 feet altitude from sea level. It is also found in China and Iran.
This is a medium sized tree with 30 to 40 feet of height.
The leaves are 1 to 2 feet long. The leaflets are 1/2 to 3 inch long and 1/4 to 1 inch wide. Leaves fall in December to April.
Flowers are blue in color and fragrant. Flowering period is May to June.
Fruits are green when unripe and these turn yellow on ripening. The diameter of the fruit is 1/2 to 3/4 inch. The fruit pulp is very hard. The fruits mature in winter.
There are 5 to 7 brownish seeds inside the fruit.
THE BARK AND STEM OF BAKAYAN OR BEAD TREE OR PERSIAN LILAC OR MELIA AZEDARACH OR MAHANIMBA
THE FOUR PLANTS OF BAKAYAN OR BEAD TREE OR PERSIAN LILAC OR MELIA AZEDARACH OR MAHANIMBA WITHOUT LEAVES IN WINTER