Sunday, July 5, 2020

Bruises: How Long do They Last? (+How to Prevent Bruising in Future)

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Bruises are sometimes called “black and blue marks” because that is how they look whenever the body has experienced some type of trauma or blow. But did you know that women and older people are more prone to bruising than others?

What Causes a Bruise?

Bruises are caused by a blow to the body breaking the blood vessels and capillaries directly below the skin’s surface, leaking blood into the area which causes the black and blue mark. It’s also tender to the touch because of this rupture. When the skin is cut the blood is allowed to escape through the skin, but when the skin remains intact, the blood stays under the skin.

How Long Do Bruises Last?

Bruises usually go through many different color changes. These changes mean your body is healing the bruised area and absorbing the blood back into the system. You can tell how old a bruise is by its color.When a bruise first shows up, its usually reddish color because the blood is new. After a couple of days it turns blue, purple, or black because a substance is changing the blood. After a week or so, it turns yellow or green. Then in about 2 weeks it turns brown, and eventually disappears after 2 weeks.

Why Do Some People Bruise Easier Than Others?

Thin skin contributes to easy bruising. So people who are significantly overweight may bruise more readily than other people. Aging people also have thinner skin and therefore bruise easier. Weak blood vessel walls can also cause easy bruising. People on blood thinners may cause bigger bruises and may bruise more often, so pay attention to the medication you are taking.

Treating Bruises

You can’t really prevent bruises from happening, but if you have one you can keep the bruise from getting too big or hurting by following a couple easy steps. First, get an ice pack or a frozen bag of vegetables to put on the bruise. This will slow the inflammation and preventing as much blood flow to the area. You should also elevate the bruise. If you get a bruise on your leg, lay down so your leg is above your heart. This will slow the blood flow to the bruised area. Put your ice pack on the bruise while resting. Use ice for about 30 minutes a few times a day for the first 48 hours.

Preventing Bruising

While you can try to be more careful, wear protective pads when riding a bike, or any other injury prone activity, there are natural substances that may lessen the chance you’ll bruise. Bioflavanoids found in colorful fruit and veggies, especially citrus fruits, are helpful in decreasing bruising. Bromelain has also been shown to have some effect on speeding the recovery time of bruises, minimizing the pain and swelling, as well as the duration of the bruise.

A bruise is usually not a reason for concern, but if you experience several bruises and you haven’t been bumped or hurt in any way, you should contact your doctor. Also, if a bruise lasts more than 2 weeks, seek advice.

1 COMMENT

  1. Wei

    Stagnated blood is caused by inner bleeding from bruise or assembling of blood and intercellular fluid in some points. The latter is produced by fatigue and stress, which may bring about sputum, palsy, tumor or hyperlipidemia. When the blood circulation is constipated in the brain, the symptoms like vertigo, (migraine) headache or nausea appears; in the chest, panting, insomnia or celiac disease are seen; in the shoulder or back, those like back pain or stiffened legs occur; in the vagina, menstrual pain, menstrual irregularity or blood discharging develops. Whether the blood is gathered in some designated areas can be self-diagnosed. Followings are the choices of symptoms. Under five choices, exercise, bathing or dietary therapy can ease it; over five, one needs to get some medical treatments.

    1. The face is dark or bluish and the skin is chappy.
    2. Lips are dark or bluish.
    3. Tongue is dark or reddish.
    4. Mouth is dry but don’t want to drink something.
    5. When the tip of nail is pressed, its original color turns back late.
    6. Heart is panting or short-breathed.
    7. Stitching feelings on many parts of body
    8. When pressing points on the abdomen, many are painful.
    9. Pimples or boils are frequently seen.
    10. Frequent constipation
    11. Insomnia or dreaming a lot
    12. Body feels heavy and tired.
    13. Aching points move around.
    14. Easily get bruised when there isn’t a case of hurt.
    15. Menstrual bleeding lumps and the pain is severe.

Jonathan
Medically trained in the UK. Writes on the subjects of injuries, healthcare and medicine. Contact me jonathan@cleanseplan.com

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