The term chronic pelvic pain refers to any pain appearing in the pelvic region of the body. The pelvic region is defined as the area below the belly button and between the hips of the body. Chronic pelvic pain lasts more than 6 months and appears on a recurring basis.
Who Can Get the Disease?
Chronic pelvic pain is most commonly associated with women but it is not limited to the female sex.
Chronic pelvic pain can be caused by many illnesses or body events. In the female, these include:
Endometriosis – A condition characterized by the growth of the lining of the uterus growing outside of the uterine organ.
Pelvic Floor Muscle Tension – Spasms or any form of tension that may cause muscle soreness in the pelvic region.
Pelvic Inflammatory Disease – Rooted in a long term infection of the pelvic region. Chronic pelvic infalmmatory disease is most commonly associated with a sexually transmitted disease the results in scarring of the pelvic organs.
Remnant Ovarian – After a complete hysterectomy with removal of the ovaries, if a piece of the ovary is left behind, painful cysts can develop.
Fibroids – Noncancerous growths in the uterine area of the body. These cysts will often create a dull pain, or feeling of fullness in the lower abdomen of the body.
IBS – Irritable Bowel Syndrome causes diarrhea, bloating and constipation leading to pain in the pelvic region of the body.
Men can also suffer from chronic pelvic pain associated with Irritable Bowel Syndrome.
Chronic pelvic pain can cause many different symptoms in the body. The most common symptoms include:
- Severe pain
- Steady pain
- Intermittent pain
- Dull aching pain
- Sharp Pain
- Pressure in the pelvic region
- Heaviness in the pelvic region
Over the Counter Treatments
The most common over the counter treatment associated with Chronic Pelvic Pain are pain medications. These medications can aid in the suppression of the pain associated with the condition.
Other over the counter medications may also be taken associated with the irritable bowel symptoms if IBS is a defining factor in the Chronic Pelvic Pain.
Alternative Treatments for Chronic Pelvic Pain
Easing the discomfort associated with Chronic Pelvic Pain is at the heart of alternative treatments and care. The most common alternative treatments associated with Chronic Pelvic Pain include:
Relaxation – When relaxed, the body tends to feel less pain. Relaxation will also help with the stress and tension suffered as a result of recurring pain.
Emotional Support – A chronic condition like Chronic Pelvic Pain can often create negative feelings. These negative feelings can lead to increased pain, depression and anxiety. The emotional support of friends and family can help you to better admit the pain is there and resolve the first steps of treatment.
Stress Management – Managing the stress related to a chronic pain can lead to decreased discomfort and tension. Stress and anxiety mat increase the intensity of chronic pain when left untreated.
When is Medicinal Treatment Necessary?
Chronic pelvic pain can be a symptom of a greater, more life threatening illness or condition. At the first signs of chronic pain, that lasting more than 6 months, a doctor should be sought out to diagnose any related problems that may need to be treated.
The medicinal treatment for Chronic Pelvic Pain will differ based upon the cause of the pain. The following treatments are the most common prescribed.
Pain Relief – When the pain is severe, doctors may prescribe pain medications to help ease the pain.
Hormone Treatments – If the pain is associated with the menstrual cycle, hormones may be prescribed to adjust the bodies hormone levels and relieve the pain. These hormones may include, but are not limited to, birth control pills.
Antibiotics – If the cause of the Chronic Pelvic Pain is found to be an infection, an antibiotic will be prescribed to cure the infection.