The possible complications relating to diabetes are serious and prevention should be taken where ever possible. The effects that it has on many of the most vital organs and body functions are some of the most alarming, however, there are more!
These effects cover many different systems and conditions. In any case, many of these conditions are treatable as well as easily manageable.
Hypoglycemia is a common side effect that many diabetics have to deal with due to medications. Because diabetes is characterized by having too much glucose in the blood, when it is treated, the blood can sometimes have levels of glucose that are too low.
Fortunately, this is easily changed by changing medications as well as diet. However, it is always important to monitor your glucose levels daily.
Heart Disease and Stroke
Those who suffer from diabetes are prone to have cardiovascular problems. Glucose levels that are high usually lead to the increase of fatty deposits on blood vessels.
This constricts the flow of blood and can sometimes lead to atherosclerosis, which is the clogging and hardening of blood vessels. This increases the chance of a heart attack or stroke.
People who have diabetes are twice as likely to have a stroke or heart disease.
These conditions can easily be managed to help reduce the risk of heart disease or stroke.
Exercising daily is a great way to keep the cardiovascular system in shape. A diet that is heart healthy is also very helpful when it comes to reducing the odds of atherosclerosis.
A healthful diet also reduces the risk of a stroke. Aspirin treatments have also proven to be helpful.
Many eye problems can come about because of the complications stemming from diabetes. One of the most common of these problems is blurry vision.
Excess glucose in the blood takes fluid out of bodily tissues, and this includes the lenses. This makes it very difficult for the eyes to focus correctly.
Several other areas of the eye are also affected.
The retina, which is the lining on the back of the eye can also be impaired. Elevated blood pressure levels can cause blood vessels in the eye to become damaged.
This can start with just blurry vision, but it can eventually lead to dark spots in the vision as well as rings when looking at lights.
Carefully monitoring glucose levels can help minimize the chance of developing eye problems due to diabetes.
With appropriate diet and exercise, blood pressure can easily be kept under control.
Nervous System Complications
Continuous high blood pressure can lead to damage throughout the nervous system.
When blood vessels become damaged, they become less efficient and do not perform as well. Blood is able to keep oxygen flowing throughout nerve cells, but when these cells do not have enough oxygen, there become impaired.
Being able to control blood pressure is a great way to reduce the odds of nervous system conflicts.
The kidneys main purpose is to filter the blood and get rid of any waste products, including toxins.
Diabetes can impair this function which can lead to protein leaking out of the kidneys. The protein leaks into the urine and is no longer available to the body to be used.
Because filtering becomes not as effective, some waste products might even be put back into the bloodstream.
This is just another reason why it is highly important to keep glucose levels where they should be. In many cases, special types of medication such as angotensin and ACE can be very helpful.
In all cases, it is best to consult professional advice for diagnosis as well as treatments to aid in these complications of diabetes.