Wednesday, December 2, 2020

Diarrhea Treatments, Causes & Symptoms


Diarrhea is the increased frequency in bowel movements or inability to form solid stool. Usually these two are a combination of the common diarrhea. Most diarrheas are frequent bowel movements that have a watery consistence.

Who Gets Diarrhea?

Anyone can get diarrhea. Especially small children and older adults commonly suffer from diarrhea. It is the body’s reaction to something in these age groups that typically does not affect a healthy adult.

Symptoms of Diarrhea

Diarrhea itself is a symptom of another underlying illness. You are considered to have diarrhea if you are having more than 5 bowel movements a day for the average person. This is for the person who usually has 4-5 bowel movements a day. If you are a person who only has one bowel movement a day than you may have diarrhea if you have three bowel movements in one day. Diarrhea is often accompanied by an urgency to use the bathroom, incontinence also may occur and the feeling that you have not completed a bowel movement but the second movement is difficult to produce.What Causes Diarrhea?

The most common causes of diarrhea are viral, bacterial and parasitic infections. Food poisoning is also a common cause of diarrhea.

Viral Gastroenteritis is the number one cause of diarrhea. It is simple a stomach bug which effects the stomach and small intestines. It generally last a few days.

The other causes of diarrhea can be caused by parasites, bacterial infections such as E. coli and food poisoning. Drugs and medications can also induce diarrhea. Common drugs which can cause diarrhea include: NSAIDs, Chemotherapy, antibiotics, and medications for high blood pressure to name a few. You should consult a pharmacist or physician if diarrhea occurs shortly after beginning a new medication.

Over the Counter Treatments for Diarrhea

There are several over the counter treatments for Diarrhea. The most common are the anti-motility drugs such as Imodium. This medicine works on two parts of diarrhea. It slows the action in the intestines allowing the stool to move through more slowly and reduces the water in the stool that way and by also relieving cramps commonly associated with diarrhea. Another type of medication used to treat diarrhea is Pepto-Bismol. This type of medication contains bismuth. It is not clear how well it works on common diarrhea but has been shown to effectively treat Traveler’s diarrhea which is generally due from E. coli.

Alternative Treatments for Diarrhea

Replacement of fluids is very important part of treating diarrhea. Most cases of diarrhea should go away on their own in less than 72 hours. The key is to keep hydrated to prevent further complications of dehydration.

When Should Medical Advice be Sought for Diarrhea?

If a case of diarrhea has lasted more than 72 hours or the stomach pain is severe than a medical professional should be seen. Diarrhea in small children can quickly lead to dehydration so it is important to keep a close eye on small children to ensure there are no further complications from diarrhea. A medical professional should also be consulted if the stool from the diarrhea appears abnormal for diarrhea. If it contains blood or pus a medical professional should be consulted.

Medical Treatments for Diarrhea

Diarrhea itself is generally allowed to take its course and is only treated with over the counter medications which can relieve the symptoms. If diarrhea persists or if the cause of the diarrhea is known than medical professionals can treat the underlying cause of the diarrhea. This will have to be done on an individual basis and is up the discretion of the physician.


  1. Wang Chi

    In the summer, many people suffer from diarrhea and enteritis. Acute diarrhea is caused mainly by toxic material, chemical agent, and certain medicine. Anyway, if diarrhea lasts over 72 hours or bloody stool appears, it might be ulcerative colitis, ischemic colitis, colorectal carcinoma. Moreover, when dehydration is accompanied, one should be hospitalized. The reasons of chronic diarrhea are various. If the symptom lasts for more than several month and there is no sequela like anemia or weight loss, it is functional diarrhea. Its main symptoms are watery or dripping diarrhea. When it is foamy, no blood and stinking, it maybe the malabsorption of small intestine. When small quantity of bloody stool is frequent, it maybe the inflammatory disease of large intestine. If there is no loss of appetite but weight loss, it maybe malabsorption, hyperthyroidism or malignant tumor.
    The treatment in oriental medicine for these kind of diseases is accompanied with dietary therapy, and medicinal or acupuncture treatment is made on the four types of body condition: (‘han’, coldness), (‘yeul’, hotness), (‘huh’, lack),(‘sil’, excess). What should be avoided are foods that are alcohol, hot, salty, fibrous, and excessive fat, soda water, coffee, cold fruits, dairy products, flour, etc. Generally, when feces are green and little, it is ‘han’; when they are yellowy brown, stinking and there is burning feeling around anus, it is ‘sil’; when the occurring period is long and abdomen ache is not severe, it is ‘huh’. Unconditional use of antidiarrheal would worsen the disease. Drink lots of water and use acupuncture, moxibustion and herbal medicine simultaneously.

Medically trained in the UK. Writes on the subjects of injuries, healthcare and medicine. Contact me

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