Friday, February 26, 2021

Guggul Benefits: Lose Weight & Many More Benefits


Clinical Research Approved Effects Of Commiphora Mukul

Guggul is one of the versatile ayurvedic herb that is beneficial in several conditions itself and it can be fortified with other herbs to promote some specific actions. But the scope of those formulation are within the realm of Ayurvedic Medicine.

Find what modern research has found about Commiphora mukul gum and how it is helpful in various conditions.

Guggul & Cholesterol Levels:

The Results:

Clinical trial studies of Guggulipid now offer some conflicting results. Earlier studies that were conducted mostly in India, offer a great evidence of its relative safety and efficacy for lowering Cholesterol and Triglyceride and increasing HDL cholesterol.

More than one dozen studies have affirmed its benefits while some of the later studies in US didn’t get same results. However it is widely believed that it could be due to inappropriate dietary restrictions in those studies.

Commiphora mukul gum is greatly helpful in lowering cholesterol levels. It should be coupled with dietary restrictions of fat intake.

This botanical gum acts on all the three components of lipid profile – HDL, LDL and Triglycerides.  There is significant lowering of cholesterol and triglyceride levels. The ratio of HDL/LDL is also found to be favorable. This ratio is considered as an indicator of risk of cardiovascular diseases.

 As antioxidants, Guggulsterones keep LDL cholesterol from oxidizing and this action protects us against Atherosclerosis.

Another double blind clinical trial reported it to be similar to Clofibrate drug for lipid lowering action. (11 percent by gug., 10 percent by clofibrate), (17 percent by gug., 22 percent by clofibrate).

Guggul Lowering LDL cholesterol Oxidation:

LDL cholesterol’s oxidation is associated with Atherogenesis or development of plaques in blood vessels. Antioxidants help by in slowing down or preventing Atherogenesis. One study from Atherosclerosis 2004, Feb. concluded that Gug. effectively inhibited LDL oxidation. This antioxidant action added with lipid lowering properties make Commiphora mukul as beneficial Anti-Atherogenesis agent.

This famous study and often quoted one against Commiphora mukul’s efficacy is published in JAMA, 2003, Aug. This study concluded that Guggulsterones in the dose of 1000 mg and 2000 mg thrice a day, didn’t appear to exert hypcholesterolemic effects in adult patients. It could in fact raise the levels of LDL in some patients.

After the reanalysis, it was found that this herb lowered blood pressure, insulin levels and fasting blood sugar. It was found to exert anti-inflammatory action and reduced the levels of C-Reactive Protein.

Guggul With Inula racemosa For Heart Health:

Inula racemosa, also known as Pushkarmoola, is another traditional Ayurvedic botanical that has potential cardio-protective benefit. In human trials, a combination of Inula racemosa and Commiphora mukul was shown to be superior to nitroglycerin in reducing the chest pain and dyspnea associated with angina.

Guggul & Platelets Adhesion:

Gug. is also found to reduce the stickiness of platelets and this action also asserts lowering of risk of cardiovascular diseases. This is also helpful in fibrinolytic action.


Ayurveda suggests to use Gug. in the treatment of ‘Santarpana’ born disorders. This term is used for the lifestyle where in one eats a lot, particularly high calorie diet rich in fats and carbohydrate and leads an physically lazy life and sedentary daily routine.

Obesity as well as other “Civilization born disorders” like diabetes, hypertension are now proved to be facilitated by this life style.

One of the Guggul’s main action is to help in weight loss. It acts best when it is coupled with dietary and exercise regimen. Remember, it is foolishness to take herbs or other holistic treatment simply to get rid of some disease while adopting the lifestyle that promotes that kind of disorders.

Ayurveda’s first guideline for ayurvedic physicians is to remove the factors promoting the disease from your life – food, exercise, lifestyle. Simple, practical and effective.

Gug. helps to reduce the fat from the body so after some time your skin folds won’t look that much flabby. If its use is coupled with proper exercise, you can dream of having a good figure.

In one double blind clinical study, Gug. was given with phosphate, hydroxycitrate and tyrosine. This regimen was followed along with exercise. The results showed improvement in mood and slight weight reduction in overweight individuals.


Many small studies suggested its beneficial nature in treatment of acne. In India, ayurveda practitioners use it along with other herbs in the form like Kaishora guggul.

In one small clinical trial mentioned in Journal Of Dermatology, this ayurvedic herb is found to be equally effective as Tetracycline in the treatment of Cystic Nodular Acne. In this trial, 500 mg of extract was given twice a day.


Degenerative joint disorders like osteoarthritis and Rheumatoid arthritis respond well to this therapy. Commiphora mukul acts as anti-inflammatory agent that has the potential to reduce joint pain, swelling, morning stiffness and other related symptoms.

As in other diseases, it is not used alone in Ayurveda. Other ayurvedic herbs are compounded with it to reach at an synergistic herbal formulation. Trayodasanga Gug., Simhanada Gug., Yogaraja gug., Mahayogaraj gug., are some of the commonly used formulations.

Guggul’s anti-inflammatory activity is beneficial in Osteoarthritis. It was due to Myrrhanol A which is a new triterpene found in Commiphora mukul.

In South Carolina University Of Health Sciences, USA, 2003, the use of Commiphora mukul showed significant improvement in Osteoarthritis in both clinical and preclinical studies. The data indicate reduction of pain and stiffness, improved mobility and suggested it to be relatively well tolerable.

Guggul & Thyroid Function:

According to Phyto. Res. 2005, guggul is found beneficial in female mice. The herbal formulation, Kanchanara guggulu is in use among Ayurvedic practitioners for Hypothyroidism. This is another example of validation of traditional herbal use by modern science.

Guggul treated group showed the parallel increased activity of anti-oxidative enzymes – SOD (Superoxide dismutase) and CAT (Catalase). These findings for safe and anti-peroxidative nature of this herb indicate its possible use in the treatment of Hypothyroidism.

Ayurvedic Uses Of Guggul

Guggul is one of the most used ayurvedic herbs in Ayurvedic Medicine. It has multiple uses in its own capacity. More than fifty of herbal formulations are in wide use that has half the quantity of this herb and half the quantity of all the other herbs together.

Find the many benefits of Commiphora mukul gum in the light of ancient ayurvedic texts and modern ayurvedic practitioners. All of these uses are based on practice by Ayurvedic doctors. Many of them are being validated by clinical research.

Guggul In Ancient Ayurveda Texts:

Charaka Samhita:

Charaka mentioned in this one of the most ancient and authoritative text of Ayurveda about this gum.

“Guggul is the best among herbs that are used for obesity and Vata disorders.” (Charaka Samhita, Sutra Section, Ch. 25)

Sushruta Samhita:

Sushruta described following properties of Commiphora mukul.

  • Fragrant, lightness, penetrating power, sharp, hot, mobile are the qualities in this gum.
  • Pungent in taste, bitter in post-digestion-taste.
  • Beneficial for heart.
  • New gum is unctuous, slimy, enhancing body weight and aphrodisiac.
  • Old gum reduces the tissue mass and fat.
  • It pacifies Kapha and Vata due to sharp and hot properties.
  • Due to mobile property, it expels out bile and excretory waste materials.
  • Due to fragrant volatile oil, intestinal sepsis or malodor is eliminated.
  • It increases digestive fire because of penetrative property.

Bhava Prakash’s Materia Medica:

Bhava Prakash described many names for commiphora mukul tree and its gum in Sanskrit language. He added several of its therapeutic actions.

  • Clear, mobile, dry, light, penetrative, sliminess are the properties in this gum.
  • Astringent, pungent in taste.
  • Bitter in post-digestion taste, hot in active principle.
  • It increases Pitta and pacifies Kapha and Vata.
  • Promotes  union of bone fractures. (Lakshadi gug.)
  • It is tonic, aphrodisiac and promotes strength of body.
  • Obesity, Sore throat, Wounds Urinary disorders, Renal stones, Skin disorders, Acne, nodular swellings, edema, piles, lymphadenopathy and intestinal worms are helped with this gum.

One should follow these dietary and lifestyle guidelines with its use according to Bhava Prakash.

  • Sour and pungent food.
  • Don’t take it when there is already indigestion.
  • Avoid it during strenuous exercises, fatigue and when one has to stay in sunlight or hot climate for long time.
  • Avoid the alcohol with this gum.

Commiphora mukul In Ayurvedic Medicine

Effects On Doshas:

It pacifies Vata and Kapha and increases Pitta.

Topical Or Local Application:

Anti-inflammatory, analgesic, disinfectant action is present. It is used in joints pain, hemorrhoids and skin disorders.

Nervous System Or Brain Or Nerves:

It is used in neuralgia, arthritis, sciatica and paralytic disorders. (Yogaraj gug., Trayodasanga gug., Simhanada gug.)

Digestive System:

Hemorrhoids and intestinal worms are benefited by this gum. (Saptavinshati Gug.)

Cardiovascular System Or Heart & Blood Vessels:

It is useful in chronic inflammatory and mild infective conditions. Any kind of obstruction or  blockage is supported by this herb. Modern studies find it beneficial in Atherosclerosis, increased triglycerides, cholesterol and lipid levels in blood. These effect makes it useful in Coronary Artery disease.

Respiratory System:

Along with some other herbs it is useful in sorethroat (Kaishore guggul). This formulation is helpful in sinusitis, running nose or allergic rhinitis. Bronchitis when complicated by mild infection (characterized by yellow or green sputum) is also helped by this gum.

Urinary System:

Renal stones, difficulty in urine, Urinary tract infection are benefited with its use (Gokshuradi guggul).

Reproductive System:

New guggul is said to be tonic and aphrodisiac but in reality no one is using it for these disorders and in reality as well, it can’t support well these disorders as its properties are not meeting the criteria.

Some modern studies have indicated its possible role as an aphrodisiac esp. in those persons who suffer erectile dysfunction due to Atheroscerosis.

We use it for chronic infective and inflammatory conditions of Uro-genital system. In females, it can help in dysmenorrhea or painful menstruation due to its emmenogogue action.

Skin Disorders:

It is helpful in various allergies and fungal infections along with other ayurvedic medications (Amritadi gug., Panchatikta ghrita gug.l, Kaishora gug.).

It is also helpful in acne. Some modern studies finds it equivalent to Tetracycline in efficacy in the treatment of Acne.

In Hypothroidism:

Hypothyroidism is believed to respond well with one of the formulation of this herb (Kanchanar guggul). This same formulation is helpful in lymphadenopathy and glandular swellings.

On Being Used Generally:

Diabetes patients can’t benefit much from its direct role as hypoglycemic agent (one that can lower blood glucose levels). But its other good effects can benefit in conditions like diabetic ulcers, obese diabetic persons.

It is greatly useful in obesity. It has the ability to burn fat from our bodies. (Triphala gug., Medohar gug.).

Effects Of Guggul On Immunity:

It is found to boost our immunity and can increase the WBC or white blood cells count in our blood. This increase in Leukocyte count can help us to fight with microbes from outside.

Use Guggulu With These Adjuvants

The medicinal effects of Guggul can be enhanced by taking it with particular nutritional and herbal supplements. By following this advice we can reduce the adverse effects of C. mukul.

Ayurveda describes the use of adjuvants as vehicle that support the medicinal value of chief herb in the formulation. General adjuvants, adjuvants based on humors, seasonal adjuvants and disease specific adjuvants are advised in detail. These reduce the side effects greatly and enhance the therapeutic effect.

What Adjuvants should be followed after Guggula Dose?

Sushruta recommended the use of following material after taking Commiphora mukul supplement (Sushruta Samhita, Disease Management Section, 5/42).

  • Decoction of Triphala or Triple myrobalans.
  • Decoction of Darvi.
  • Decoction of Patola.
  • Decoction or cold infusion of Kusha.
  • Cow urine.
  • Ksar or Alkalis.
  • Warm water.

Seasonal Guggul Adjuvants:

There is recommendation of taking some specific materials during a particular season.

  • During Summer and rainy season: With Clarified butter.
  • During Autumn and Spring: With decoction of Triphala.
  • During Early and Late Winter: With Cow urine.

Guggul Adjuvants & Humors:

Charaka further explained the use of different adjuvants according to humors.

  • In Vata Disorders: Wine, Asava-Arista preparations, curd, sour items.
  • In Pitta Disorders: Grape, Amla, honey, Madhuka, Parushaka, milk.
  • In Kapha Disorders: honey, cow urine, astringents.

Sushruta emphasized that if other adjuvants are not available, water is the best adjuvant. In Vata-Kapha disorders, use warm water and in Pitta disorders, use cold water. (Sushruta Samhita, Sutra Section, 46/433-434)

Disease Specific Adjuvants Of Guggul:

  1. Edema: with cow urine or Punanava or Dasamula or Daruharidra or dried ginger. (Chakradutta)
  2. Abscess: with decoction of Triphala. (Chakradutta)
  3. Internal Abscess: with Punarnava or Daruharidra or Dasamula. (Chakradutta)
  4. Upadansha: Patola, Nimba, Triphala, Kiratatikta. (Chakradutta)
  5. Obesity: The great five roots, Rasanjana, Shilajita. (Vagabhata)
  6. In Disorders Due To Excessive Fat Intake: Long pepper, Triphala, honey, Terminalia chebula, cow urine. (Vagabhata)
  7. Urustambha: with Terminalia chebula, cow urine, Dhilajita. (Vagabhata)
  8. Constipation: with Triphala. (Yogaratnakara)
  9. Stiffness Of Joints: with decoction of Rasna. (Yogaratnakara)
  10. KrostukaShirsha: with decoction of Guduchi and Triphala. (Yogaratnakara)
  11. Gout: with decoction of Guduchi. (Yogaratnakara)
  12. Inflammatory Conditions Of Abdomen: with Terminalia chebula, dried Ginger, Devadaru, Punarnava and Guduchi. (Yogaratnakara)
  13. In Pain & Eye Disorders: with Triphala, Vasa, Patola leaves, Nimba. (Yogaratnakara)
  14. In Fistula: with Triphala and Trikatu (long pepper, black pepper and long pepper in equal quantities). (Yogaratnakara)
  15. In Sciatica: with Rasna and Clarified butter. (Bhava Prakasha Nighantu)
  16. Bronchial Asthma: with Clarified butter. (Bhava Prakasha Nighantu)
  17. Oral Cavity Disorders: place guggula for some time in mouth. (Bhava Prakasha Nighantu)
  18. Lymphadenopathy or Lymph Glands Enlargement: with Vidanga, purified Mercury preparations. (Bhava Prakasha Nighantu)
  19. Chronic Rheumatoid Arthritis & Osteoarthritis: with Shilajita. (Bhava Prakasha Nighantu)
  20. In Dysmenorrhea or Painful Menstruation: with Garlic. (Bhava Prakasha Nighantu)
  21. Abscess with malodorous pus discharge: with Triphala decoction. (Bhava Prakasha Nighantu)
  22. Bone Fractures: with Terminalia arjuna, Laksha and Clarified butter. (Bhava Prakasha Nighantu)

Use Guggul For:

  1. Obesity. Excercise & take moderate diet along with it.
  2. For Increased Cholesterol level in blood. Prevent hardening of arteries.
  3. For Acne with pustule containing pus pockets.
  4. For Arthritis.
  5. Use one vegicap twice or thrice a day with water after food. Each vegicap has 425 mg of dried extract, standardized with standardized with 6% Guggulsterones E & Z.

The Properties & Ingredients Of Guggulu

Guggul is one of the most extensively used herb of Ayurveda. Find its medicinal properties, resulting therapeutic effects, phytochemistry or biochemical ingredients and the dosage. Meet the balance of Ayurvedic view and modern scientific view about Commiphora mukul.

Ayurvedic Properties Of Guggula:

Taste: Bitter, pungent.
Active Principle: Hot.
Vipaka: Bitter.

Properties In Old Guggula:

  • Light.
  • Dry.
  • Sharp.
  • Smooth.
  • Penetrating.
  • Mobile.
  • Fragrant.

Properties In New Guggula:

  • Unctuous.
  • Viscid.
  • Cardiac tonic.
  • Increasing the strength.
  • Promoting the complexion.
  • Good for voice.
  • Providing nutrition to tissues.
  • Improving the power of digestion.
  • Beneficial in Bronchitis.
  • Enhancing memory and intelligence.
  • Improving the quality of semen.
  • Helpful in painful menstrual cycles and in scanty menstrual secretion (Dysmenorrhea, Oligomenorrhea).
  • Promoting the union of bone in fractures.
  • Effective in all the three humors, esp. Kapha-Vata.
  • Effective on all the tissues.

To use guggula effectively for a particular disorder, it is mixed with herbs specific for that disorder and processed according to Ayurveda guidelines. Thereafter it potentiates that herbal formulation and exerts its own properties as well.

Relationship Between Properties & Actions:

There is a direct relationship between the properties of a herb and its pharmacological actions. Ayurveda, unlike traditional herbal medicine, is based on these scientific principles that provide the answers to ‘Why and How’.

  • Unctuous & Viscid property: It effects expectorant, bone union promoting action in fractures and aphrodisiac action.
  • The volatile fragment is helpful in Kapha, pus and bad odor in sweating.
  • Hot property causes diaphoretic or sweating promoting activity.
  • Sharp property is used in hepatic stimulant and anti-helminthic action.
  • Bitter-pungent taste and penetrating properties facilitate promotion of digestive fire and Anti-Hemorrhoidal activity.
  • Mobile property assists cholagogue action and in indigestion, constipation and increases peristaltic movements of intestine.
  • Light, penetrating properties help in itching, skin disorders and blood purification.
  • Sharp and diuretic property facilitate in Renal calculi or Kidney stones, dysuria or pain during passing urine, Urinary tract infection.
  • Light, sharp, penetrating property and hot active principle make it useful in obesity and increased cholesterol in blood.


Guggulu is extracted in Ethylacetate. There are two separate parts. The insoluble part is carbohydrate gum. It is discarded for medicinal use. It has the toxic properties. The second soluble portion is resin part that has medicinal value.

Resinous part has three kinds of substances – acidic, basic and neutral.

  • Acidic 4% – this part has anti-inflammatory property.
  • Basic 0.3% – this part doesn’t have any medicinal value.
  • Neutral 95% – Neutral fraction is further subdivided into two parts. First the Ketonic fraction is a complex mixture of steroids like Z-Guggulusteron and E-Guggulusteron. The second one is Non-Ketonic part. Both parts are hypolipidemic i.e. with lipid lowering activity.
  • Sesamin
  • Cholesterol
  • Other steroids and essential oils with steroidal ketones are separated from gum resin.
  • New Guggulusterons 1st, 2nd and 3rd are also found.
  • Myricyl.
  • Alcohol.
  • Bsitosterol.
  • 15 other aminoacids.
  • Cembrene.
  • Allycembrol.
  • Flavonoids.
  • Ellagic acid.
  • Camphorene.
  • Sugar.

Dosage Of Guggula:

Some ancient ayurveda reference books advocate quite large dosage. We can see the trend of falling dosage with time.

Presently the dose is 1 to 4 gm per day of purified guggulu as used in Ayurvedic preparations.

Now Guggul is used in the form of standardized dosage. Z-Guggulusteron and E-Guggulusteron standardized guggul is in use. These are present in 2.5 to 5 percent or even up to 10 percent in some preparations.

One can take 75 mg of Guggulusterons per day in three divided dose. Check for the concentration of Guggulusterons in the product first and later calculate the dose for yourself.

The Methods Of Purification Of Guggul Extract From Bedellium

Guggula Extract is derived from Guggulipid in several ways. The Ayurvedic purification process is elaborate and specific enough by describing general purification necessary for all preparations of Commiphora mukul and specific purification for modifying the therapeutic effects for particular disease.

The Need For Purification:

There are two objectives to purify a natural herb. First is to remove the external and internal impurities. The second reason is to increase the medicinal value.

External impurities are in the form of dust, dry leaves and other foreign materials present in Guggula. After purification, the herb becomes safer and more effective for use. Sometimes additional medicinal values are also instilled in the formulation.

Guggula extract is produced after two types of Purification.

  • General Purification
  • Specific Purification.

General Purification Of Guggula:

General purification is carried out by keeping the Guggula in hot water overnight. The quantity of water is four times the weight of Guggula. Next morning, It is heated very lightly. When the quantity of water remains half, the mixture is filtered with a cotton cloth or a mesh.

Usually iron pan is used to purify Guggula and the environment should be dry and sunny. For industrial purpose, it is dried in Dryer and there is possibility of loss of volatile elements.

Steam jacketed drying pans are standard for commercial purpose. Though it takes longer to dry Guggula, but the temperature is controlled around 50-60 degree centigrade.

Specific Purification:

Specific Purification of Guggula increases the medicinal properties and helps in modifying the pharmacological actions. The same Guggula is processed with different herbs and it is made active biologically in a differential way.

Guggula is boiled with decoctions of herbs for a particular disease and then filtered. This renders specificity of action in C. mukul. (Bharat Bhaisajya Ratnakara, Vol. 2 – 1320)

  1. Increasing Vitiated mucus-digestive and mobile property: Cow urine or decoction of Triphala or triple myrobalans is used (Ras Chandanshu).
  2. Increasing Rejuvenative Property: Decoctions of Guduchi, Triphala and Cow milk is respectively used one by one. (Rasendra Sara Sangraha, 1331)
  3. Increasing Vitiated Mucus-digestive property: Cow urine is used. (Rasendra Bhasakara)
  4. Increasing Anti-Vata property: Dasmula decoction is used. (Bharat Bhaisajya Ratnakara, 2/1332)
  5. Increasing the body tonic property: Milk is used. (Rasatarangini, 24/579)

Presently in India, there is at least one company that is using the specific purification of Guggula – Shree Dhootapapeshwar Ltd., Mumbai. This company offers a good range of Guggula that are prepared under Good Manufacturing Certification conditions.

Precautions During Guggula Purification:

  1. Never put guggula preparations on strong heat. Always apply low temperature. High temperature causes loss of volatile parts and reduced weight and quality.
  2. Use iron pan for purification otherwise it sticks to the container.
  3. Keep the mixture in motion. This helps the proper dissolution of Guggula gum.
  4. Filter the mixture when it is still hot. On cooling the mixture solidifies and is hard to filter.
  5. Sunny days are better for its purification.
  6. The filtered and purified mixture of Guggula should be stored in container with clarified butter applied previously to its inner surface.

How Guggula Tablets Evolved In Ayurveda:

Thousand of years back, the basic herbal preparations of Ayurveda were five – juice, paste or powder, decoction, hot and cold infusion. There were several problems with these basic formulations.

First is that these are needed to be used immediately. These preparations deteriorate very soon. Second reason is the taste, odor and color are still unacceptable to many persons. And the dose determination also pose trouble.

Later powder is formulated by drying the herbal paste. Properly stored powders retain full medicinal value for two months according to ancient Ayurveda practitioners.

Vagbhata mentioned in detail in Ashtanga Sangraha that and later Sharangadhara shed more light on tablet formulation of herbs in Sharangadhara Samhita.

Tablets retained their full potency for one year on proper storage. One can take the right dosage. The determination of the dose is very easy. The bad taste and smell are not bothering. Now sugar coating or other non-sugar coating make the pill quite attractive!

Guggula also acts like a binding agent as well as the chief ingredient in herbal tablets based on it. So there is no need of binders.

The History & Various Types Of Guggul

Guggulu or Commiphora mukul is one of the most used herb of Ayurveda. Get in touch with its history and it significance in past centuries and millennia. Find the various types of guggulu based on color, commercial use, medicinal use.

Guggulu is reputed in Ayurvedic medicine as it acts on several body channels and micro-channels, potentiate the effects of other ingredients, strengthening and vitiated mucus digestive.

Guggulu is a oleo-resinous secretion of a herb. It is found inside the bark of stem and with a thick covering. During cold, the covering constricts and it comes out. During summer this secretion melts and come out.

What does the word ‘Guggul’ mean?

‘Gunjo Vyadheragudati Rakshati’

According to Sanskrit definition, this word means one that protects against diseases. This word stands for this herb as well as for all the preparations that contain it as the chief ingredient.

The Historical Aspect Of Guggulu

Guggul In Vedic Literature:


  • This herb is mentioned as fragrant and vital energy enhancing agent.
  • As Vermicide  or anti-helminthic and Anti-tubercular.
  • Two types of this herb is described – one near the rivers and the other near the ocean.
  • It was used chiefly for sacred fire rites and for fumigation. (Atharvaveda 4-Kashka 19 Sukta 18)
  • It was mentioned for leucoderma (white patches of skin) and greying of hair. (Atharvaveda 2/23/1)
  • If the fragrance of fumigation this herb is smelled daily, one can boost his resistance against infections like tuberculosis. This refers to the immuno-boosting effect of Commiphora mukul. (Atharvaveda 2/36/7; 4/37/3; 19/38/1)

Post Vedic Literature:

In Ayurvedic literature, Commiphora mukul has several references in all the books.

  • Sanjnana (Consciousness restoring) group (Charaka Samhita, Sutra Section 4/48).
  • Astringent group (Charaka Samhita, Vimana Section 8/114).
  • Eladi group (Sushruta Samhita, Sutra Section, 38/24).
  • Katuka group (Sushruta Samhita, Sutra Section, 38/24).
  • Eladi group (Astanga Sangraha 12/66).
  • Eladi group (Astanga Hridaya 15/43-44).
  • Karpuradi group (Bhava Prakasha, First Section 6/2/31).
  • Chandanadi group (Yoga Ratnakar).
  • Chandanadi group (Rajanighantu).
  • Guggulavadi group (Nighantu Adarsha).
  • Dhoopa group, Guna-dosha section, (Nighantu Ratnakar).
  • Oushdhi group (Kaideva Nighantu).
  • Guggulu kalpa (Harita Samhita).

Types Of Guggulu

According To Color:

These five types are described in Bhava Prakasha’s Materia Medica.

  • Black color.
  • Blue color.
  • Lotus like color.
  • Red color like Ruby.
  • Golden color.

Commercial Varieties Of Guggulu:

  1. Kana Guggula: The granular form with reddish yellow color is soft on touch. It is found in Marawada region of Rajasthan state.
  2. Bhainsa Guggula: Greenish yellow colored variety is smooth on touch. It is found in Kachha region.

Guggulu According To Medicinal Properties:

Bhava Prakasha again described these varieties based on medicinal use.

  • New Guggul: It has comparatively less tendency for reducing obesity. This is smooth, golden in color, fragrant, sticky and like ripe Jamun or Jamun (Syzygium cumini) fruit.
  • Old Guggul: This has greater tendency to reduce weight and burn fat. This form is dry, with unpleasant odor, and without much medicinal property. It should only be used for reducing weight.

Modern Scientific tests like TLC pattern conducted by one of the most reputed ayurvedic pharma company, Shri Dhootapapeshwar Ltd., Mumbai, confirmed that there is no difference in both of the varieties.

Ayurveda believes in vital energy or Prana and it might be possible that this vital energy might not be present in old form of Guggula.

Guggulu Color Description In Unani Medicine:

  1. Mukle Arjaka – Reddish.
  2. Mukle Sakalavi – Brownish.
  3. Mukle Yahood – Yellowish.
  4. Mukle Arabi – Brownish Red.
  5. Mukle Hindi – Violet-black.

Varieties Of Guggulu & Use In Medicine:

  1. For use in Men: Golden Guggula.
  2. For Men & Animals: Black.
  3. For Horses: Lotus colored and Ruby colored.
  4. For Elephants: Dark Blue.

Guggulu According To Rajanighantu:

  1. Kana Guggula: This type is soft, fragrant and best for medicinal use. It has greenish yellow color granular structure. It is found in Marwada and Bhuja region in India. It has bitter taste, hot in active principle. It is useful in tumors, abdominal disorders, pain, flatulence and Kapha based diseases.
  2. Earth-Born Guggula: This is found in Kachha region of India and Sindha region of Pakistan. This soft and fragrant guggula is light yellow and light green in color. It is bitter and pungent in taste and hot in active principle. This is good for Kapha-Vata based disorders, as antimicrobial and as memory enhancing herb.
  3. General Guggula: This type is bitter and pungent in taste and hot in active principle. Kapha-Vata based disorders, bronchitis, worms, abdominal disorders, spleen disorders, edema, piles respond well. It is used as rejuvenative as well.

The Power & Meaning of the Name “Guggula”

The names of Guggul gum are so extensive and interesting that they are able to describe a lot about medicinal properties of Commiphora mukul. Find the names in various languages and many times their meaning.

Latin Name:

Commiphora mukul, Commiphora whightti.




Guggul, Guggulipid, Mukul myrrh, Gum Guggulu, India’s Myrrh tree, Bdellium Gum, Gugal, Indian Bedellium,  Balsamodendron Mukul.

Synonyms Of Guggul Gum:

Sanskrit Names Of Guggul Gum:

  • Bhadramishra: One that is beneficial to use.
  • Bhavabishta: One that is dear to Lord Shiva.
  • Bhriganjana.
  • Bhutahara: One that has anti-microbial properties.
  • Chitashu.
  • Dahana.
  • Daityamedaja: One who is enemy of fat.
  • Devadhoopa: One that is used in incense sticks during worship.
  • Devavriksha: The tree that has special powers like Gods.
  • Deveshta: One that is dear to God.
  • Dhupika: One that is used to prepare incense sticks.
  • Dhurta: White-grey in color.
  • Divya: One that is found in forests.
  • Durga: One that removes the pain.
  • Guggula: One that protects from diseases.
  • Hindi: One that makes light by lowering the weight.
  • Jatayu: One whose tree is spreading like hair.
  • Jatala: The secretion of gum on the tree appears to have branches.
  • Kalaniryasa: The discharge of black color.
  • Kalarasa: Black colored discharge.
  • Kaushika: One that resides in the bark of the tree or one that is black in color like owl.
  • Khalakah.
  • Kliba.
  • Kumbhi: One whose fragrance spreads.
  • Kumbholukhala: One that is secreted from a tree with ‘Ghada’ (a rounded earthen pot or pitcher used to store water) like stem.
  • Kumuda.
  • Machana: One that can’t be powdered.
  • Mahishaksha: One that has black color like the eyes of buffalo.
  • Marusambhava: One whose origin is in dessert.
  • Majjarasa.
  • Mulaparni.
  • Naktamala: The herb that grows in night (Atharvaveda, Sutra,23/1).
  • Nishachara: The color like that of owl.
  • Nishataka: One that is black like the night.
  • Nishotasahi.
  • Padam: One that is red in color like Ruby.
  • Purah: One that has leading role in removing the disease.
  • Pura: One that has a tendency to fall (from the tree).
  • Palankasha: One that lowers fat.
  • Purahvyaha.
  • Rakshoha: One that protects against the disease.
  • Sahika: One that is beneficial for the body.
  • Rukshagandhaka: One whose fragrance is rough or dry.
  • Sarvasaha.
  • Shambhava: One that can pacify vitiated humors.
  • Shiva: One that is beneficial.
  • Shivadhoopa: One whose fumigation is beneficial.
  • Shrivasa.
  • Shriveshta.
  • Uddipa: One that is found in northern region.
  • Uluka.
  • Ushah.
  • Vakunjara.
  • Vayasari: One that can conquer Vata humor.
  • Veshtanam.
  • Yaminichara.
  • Yatughna: One that removes the aches and pains.
  • Yavandvishta: One who is against the enemy of disease.

Arabic Names Of Guggul Gum:

Mogla, Mukulyahuda, Murka Arjaka Afalata.

Bengali Names Of Guggul Gum:

Ranghunturb, Makal.

Gujarati Names Of Guggul Gum:

 Mukula, Bhainsa Gugal.

Hindi Names Of Guggul Gum:

Gugal, Guggulu, Gogila.

Kannada Names Of Guggul Gum:

Kanthagal, Ivadol gugula.

Marathi Name Of Guggul Gum:


Malayalam Name Of Guggul Gum:




Iranian Or Persian Names Of Guggul Gum:

Borajahudon, Vorajahudon.



Tamil Names Of Guggul Gum:

Kukkil, Maishakshi gukkal, Kiluvai.

Telagu Names Of Guggul Gum:

Meshakshi, Gukkula, Gukkula Chettu.



As a native Indian and an Ayurvedic holistic healer, Arjun writes in the lane of herbal healing and home remedies. Certification: BAMS (Bachelor of Ayurvedic Medicine & Surgery With Modern Medicine).

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