Saturday, September 19, 2020

Metabolic Syndrome Guide to Symptoms, Causes & Treatment


Also known as metabolic syndrome X, syndrome X, insulin resistance syndrome, Reave’s syndrome and CHAOS; metabolic syndrome is a group of medical conditions associated with the body’s metabolism and which are present simultaneously. The metabolic syndrome is known to increase the risk of heart disease, stroke and diabetes.

Risk Factors of Metabolic Syndrome

Not all the experts agree on the exact definition of metabolic syndrome and likewise, there does not seem to be a consensus about the origin of its components, particularly insulin resistance. However, they all seem to concur that there are certain common risk factors and grim statistical studies estimate that approximately twenty five percent of the entire adult population in the United States has metabolic syndrome:

  1. Morbid Obesity. A body mass index (BMI) (which is the percentage of body fat based on height and weight), that is greater than 25 increases the risk of metabolic syndrome.
  2. The aging process. Worldwide statistical studies estimate that while approximately ten percent of people in their twenties have metabolic syndrome, this syndrome shows up in forty percent of people in their sixties. It has also been found that roughly thirteen percent of schoolchildren have at least three of the components of metabolic syndrome and this fact has been linked to cardiovascular diseases in their future adulthood.
  3. Family History and Genetic predisposition. The risk of metabolic syndrome increases with family history of type 2 diabetes or gestational diabetes (during pregnancy).
  4. Racial Factors. The Hispanic and the Asian populations are at greater risk of metabolic syndrome than any of the other races.
  5. Sedentary Lifestyles. A lifestyle that involves a high caloric intake and low physical activity as well as smoking, greatly increases the risk of metabolic syndrome.

Symptoms and Indicators of Metabolic Syndrome

The more extreme or severe each of the following symptoms, the greater are the risks for serious cardiovascular and diabetic health problems:

  1. High blood pressure (equal to or greater than 130/85 mm Hg);
  2. High levels of sugar in the body due to resistance to insulin which is a hormone produced by the pancreas and its function is to regulate levels of sugar in the bloodstream (fasting glucose equal or greater than 100 mg/dL);
  3. High levels of triglycerides (the “bad” cholesterol) in the blood (equal to or greater than 150 mg/dL);
  4. Low levels of high-density lipoproteins (HDL or the “good” cholesterol) (for men less than 40 mg/dL while for women less than 50 mg/dL);
  5. Obesity, especially when the body fat is concentrated around the waistline (men equal or greater than 40 inches and women equal to or greater than 35 inches);
  6. Hyperuricemia;
  7. Fatty liver and non-alcoholic fatty liver disease;
  8. Polycystic ovarian syndrome (in women);
  9. Acanthosis nigricans.

Treating Metabolic Syndrome

The most effective way to overcome the metabolic syndrome is by making drastic lifestyle changes:

  • Partaking in a daily exercise routine.
  • Losing weight and keeping it off.
  • Eating a healthy diet of fruits, vegetables, nuts, beans, whole grains, lean meats and fish as well as foods rich in fiber.
  • Stopping cigarette smoking and stay away from those who continue.
  • Scheduling regular medical checkups.


  1. Gerald

    I am going to tell you about a disease that you may very well have and are not even aware of it. This condition affects almost 24% of adults in this country. This means that approximately one out of every four people in the United States is suffering with this condition. It is called the Metabolic Syndrome.

    The metabolic syndrome may very well end your life prematurely. It is diagnosed in any individual who has three or more of the following items: abdominal obesity, elevated triglyceride levels, low HDL (“good”) cholesterol levels, or high normal or high blood pressure, with the fifth item being a fasting blood sugar of 110 or greater. In terms of abdominal obesity, it is considered positive in a woman with a waist circumference of 35 inches or greater and 40 inches or greater in a man. If you look at the criteria that make up the metabolic syndrome, it is certainly quite likely that you have this condition. The metabolic syndrome has clearly been identified as a risk factor for heart attack and cardiovascular death. In the March 2004 edition of the Journal of Women’s Health, researchers from Harvard studied the effect of Metabolic Syndrome and other risk factors in young women (under age 45) with non-fatal myocardial infarction. The researchers looked at multiple markers, including C reactive protein, homocysteine, and many other items. It was concluded that the predominant predictor of non-fatal heart attack in young women was metabolic syndrome. The authors stress the need for screening young women with central obesity and other parameters of metabolic syndrome to help diminish the risk of heart attack at a young age.

    The metabolic syndrome actually increases in frequency with age. It is estimated that by the time you are in your fifties, there is a 40% likelihood that you will have this condition. The reason is that older people have more abdominal fat, and therefore, higher insulin resistance, along with other issues. If you are aware of previous blood work, or concerns over blood pressure and waist circumference, you can make this diagnosis without seeing a doctor. But if you are one of the unfortunate tens of millions of people who may have this syndrome, do not despair. Authorities largely agree that by losing only 5-10% of your body weight, you can significantly improve your overall health, and may likely no longer meet the criteria for metabolic syndrome. Think about that. If you weigh 200 pounds, all that you have to lose is ten or twenty pounds to potentially make a meaningful change in your risk of dying prematurely.

    For anyone who meets the criteria for metabolic syndrome, or is on the verge of meeting the criteria, it is critically important that you do three things. First off, weight loss, as I indicated above, is essential. The Walker Diet Program is a rather painless way to accomplish this. I refer you to Dr. Walker’s site for more details about this program. The second important item is that you need to take a broad-spectrum multi-vitamin, mineral and phytonutrient supplement. The metabolic syndrome appears to do damage to the cardiovascular system via the excess production of free radicals. Nutrients such as vitamins C and E, alpha lipoic acid, coenzyme Q10 and others are very important in counteracting these free radicals. Additionally, it is critically important to take good doses (far higher levels than the RDA/daily values that most vitamins contain) of B vitamins, especially B6, B12 and folic acid. This is to lower the levels of homocysteine, the toxic amino acid produced during normal metabolism. In the May 2004 edition of Nutrition Journal, the authors indicated the importance of lowering homocysteine with B vitamins in both patients with metabolic syndrome and Type II diabetes mellitus.

    I strongly recommend the Synergy line of multi-vitamins from Nutraceutical Sciences Institute (NSI) as excellent foundational supplements. In addition, NSI’s Friendly Fiber would be a effective addition to your foundational supplement. Fiber helps with many of the above concerns, and most people only get about 1/2 of their requirements from diet alone. If you already have metabolic syndrome, then I would recommend CardioLift or GlucoPower (if elevated blood sugar is one of your risk factors). The final piece of the puzzle is regular exercise. This is not only good for promoting cardiovascular health, but also for mental well-being.

    Look around. It is quite likely that you, a friend or a family member is suffering with metabolic syndrome, and you don’t even know it. Now is the time to make some important changes in your life, before it’s too late.

  2. Weng Po

    The first symptom easily found among the people who enjoy drinking is fatty liver. Fatty liver is made when the neutral fat accounts for 5% of the total weight of liver. The probable causes are alcohol, diabetes and obesity. Unattended, fatty liver may develop to hepatitis, hepatocirrhosis or liver cancer. The common signals are fatigue, distention of upper abdomen and pain, ascites, yellowy face and eyes, mass bleeding, jaundice.

    In the oriental medicine, fatty liver means the disease-infested liver. The cures are to cool the heat in the liver or to facilitate the streaming of stagnated ‘ki(Ѩ)’.

    The herbal medicine most powerful in treating fatty liver is ‘ga-gam-in-jin-taek-sa-tang (Modified Decoction of Oriental Wormwood and Oriental Waterplantain Rhizome,’ made of 19 kinds of herbal ingredients. Taking it for three months cures it perfectly.

    Besides fatty liver, the medicine removes fat in the body thereby being effective on hyperlipidemia, neutral fat, cholesterol and hepatocirrhosis.

    Some peope think the herbal medicine of oriental medicine is rather harmful to the liver. However, it is totally nonsense. More fundamental treatment can be realized only with oriental herbal medicine.

Medically trained in the UK. Writes on the subjects of injuries, healthcare and medicine. Contact me


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