The Sage herb is greatly beneficial for its antioxidant and even weight loss effects and properties.
Sage is know for its astringent, stimulant, nervine, diuretic, expectorant, memory boosting, anxiolytic, anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial, antioxidant effects. It will benefit the swellings, the cuts, sprain, mouth ulcers, sore throat, dyspepsia, abdominal troubles, menopausal symptoms and joints pain.
Topical Application Of Sage:
The concentrated decoction or cold infusion without lemon and sugar used as lotion to heal skin abrasions and ulcers. This lotion is a good natural hair coloring agent when used over the scalp like henna. It could be used along with other herbs like henna for coloring hair and for dandruff. Its internal use is also recommended in graying of hair.
The fresh leaves or the tender branches is used as tooth brush as margossa tree is used very commonly in Rural India as herbal toothbrush cum paste. It strengthens the gums and cleans the oral cavity and teeth. Herbal toothpowders contain this herb.
Dipping a cloth in its hot tea works like a compress. It can be applied to forehead to relieve tension headache. A compress applied to abdominal areas can help in cramps, flatulence and general intestinal and digestive discomfort. Sprains also respond to this compress. This hot compress can be used in itching and swelling after insect bites.
For the purpose of fomentation or poultice, the bags of its powder are used.
The oil is used preparations for joints pain creams or liniments.
Fumigation With Sage Herb:
The leaves are burned and the fume is used to cleanse the home or some building premises for negative energies. This might seem ridiculous but this concept is also found in Ayurveda. Regularly doing so really creates a powerful aura field of Pranic energy that keeps away negative energy and the microbes.
This property can be used to increase the Vastu energy or Feng Sui energy of the home. Pranic Healing Foundation of Philippines is working to prove such seemingly metaphysical workings.
Sage and cedar bundles can be purchased from some health stores for the purpose of fumigation.
Hot & Cold Properties Of Sage Herb:
Though Salvia officinalis is not mentioned in Ayurveda. It is offering the great example how we can use the natural properties of herbs holistically. Plus how the same herb can act in seemingly opposite conditions.
The warm or hot decoction or infusion acts as a diaphoretic herb. The hot infusion promotes the expulsion of wastes from the body like increased sweating or perspiration and facilitating menstrual bleeding. The hot infusion would be effective in Cold, Flu, Cough and viscid respiratory (bronchial) secretions. It will help in expectoration, sweating and excretion of toxins from the body.
The cold infusion acts in opposite manner as an astringent. It will stop the diarrhea, decrease the sweating and acts a refrigerant or coolant.
Sage Herb For Oral Cavity Disorders:
United States Pharmacopoeia has listed this herb. Its infusion is used as a gargle in sore throat and mouth ulcers. Relaxed throat, tonsils and ulcerated throat are relieved by its gargle. The astringent quality benefit the loose gums, bleeding gums and excessive salivation from mouth.
There is another version of stimulating gargle for throat conditions that uses both vinegar and water for preparing infusion.
Sage & Our Nerves:
Its herbal tea is very good in delirium during hyperpyrexia. The infusion or extract is good in excitement or hyperstimulation of nerves and excessive worried or anxious or aggressive conditions of mind.
Sage oil is a strong epileptiform convulsant (Ability to produce or convulsions seizures) like that of nutmeg and absinthe essential oils. Intoxication and giddiness follow if it is smelt for long time.
Its infusion boosts the memory and stimulates or alerts the senses. There is some warming sensation in body after taking tea.
It has a tonic action on nerves. It helps to remove headache due to nervousness.
Sage Herb For Digestive System:
- As mentioned above it is a fantastic herb for teeth, gums and oral cavity.
- It is used as a condiment and as stimulant of appetite in Dyspepsia.
- Liver disorders, Typhoid fever, biliousness and hematemesis is relieved by this herb.
Sage Herb For Musculoskeletal Disorders:
It is used as a nervine in joints pain, paralytic disorders and weakness of motor power or lack of muscle power.
Sage For Lungs & Mucus Membrane:
Hemoptysis or hemorrhage from lungs is relieved by this herb. Besides it is useful in cold, cough, throat infection, laryngitis. Its dried leaves are used as herbal smoke to relieve Asthma.
Sage oil is used in the dose of 1 to 3 drops as a mucolytic and expectorant to expel the accumulated excessive mucus from respiratory tract.
Its aromatic property can help in lung disorders and sinusitis. Its leaves are crushed with fingers and put in boiling water in a wide pan. The vapors are inhaled to get its benefits. Alternatively Strained tea could be used in vaporizer for inhalation.
Sage Herb For Infections:
It is effective in Measles, Quinsy and cold sweats in Tuberculosis.
Sage Herb For Women:
It is used as emmenagogue i.e. for facilitating the menstrual bleeding when the hot infusion is taken. Cold tea is used to stop night sweats during the menopausal years. It is greatly useful for menopausal symptoms like hot flushes, insomnia, nocturnal sweating, dizziness, headaches and palpitations. These effects suggest that it might have some estrogenic biochemicals.
Cold tea could be used during the weaning period when a mother want to stop feeding the child and would be starting to introduce other food articles to the baby.
Better to avoid it during pregnancy. Don’t take cold tea during the nursing period otherwise it can interfere with secretion of milk. It could be used during the postpartum period. It will help in the discharge of lochia quickly.
Sage Herb For Urinary Disorders:
It is used for kidney related disorders like Renal calculi, Urinary tract infections. It acts like a diuretic.
The Herbal Tea Of Sage Herb:
It is the hot infusion for internal consumption. It is made by pouring 1 pint of boiling water on 1 OZ. of dried leaves.
The little bit old fashioned way of preparing herbal tea is somewhat different. The fragrance and taste is great and it has more of medicinal value as it is boiled for some time. Half ounce of Salvia leaves, 1 OZ. of sugar, either 1 lemon juice or 1/4 grated rind or lime juice are added to 1 quart of water and boiled for 30 minutes. Lo! The herbal tea is ready.
This pleasant drink is used as refrigerant or coolant in fever, and as purifier of blood.
Sage As Memory Booster:
Research At Newcastle & Northumbria University was conducted on 44 persons. They were tested for Word Recall. The persons that used it got better scores.
As A Potential Aid In Alzheimer’s Disease:
The deficiency of neurochemicals that are responsible for the pathogenesis of Alzheimer’s disease are boosted by the use of this herb. More research is going on in this regard. There might be more potential approval of this herb in this regard.
Culinary Recipes Of Sage:
It is used as condiment and for flavoring the food. There are many recipes but they are beyond the present scope for being described on this page.
It should be used along with foods that are heavy to digest, are fat or protein rich like pork, liver, sausages, cheese etc. Most of us remember it for the stuffing the Turkey on Thanksgiving Day.
Medicinal Recipes Of Sage Herb:
There are some medicinal recipes like the gargle and the lotions.
Sage Plant Information:
The Sage herb is used for medicinal, culinary, ornamental purposes. Its medicinal acceptance in the present time is quite late than its culinary use. The different names, medicinal part, dosage, chemical constituents the brief history and its use as culinary herb is presented.
Sage Herb (Common Sage).
Salvia officinalis Linn., Salvia salvatrix.
The word Salvia has a latin root ‘salvere’ that means to be saved, to be in good health, salvation. It refers to its medicinal values that had been famous in older times. Salvere is distorted to ‘sauja’ or ‘sauge’ in French and ‘sawge’ in English. The present name is derived from these names. Officinalis refers to an old reference to a herb store or pharmacy.
Sometimes it is mentioned as S. salvatrix i.e. Sage As the Saviour.
Labiatae (Mint family).
Other Popular Names:
The word sage means the learned person or the wise.
- Garden Sage
- Red Sage
- Broad leaved white Sage
- Narrow leaved white Sage
Medicinal Parts Of Sage Herb:
- Whole herb
Dosage Of Sage:
- 3 to 5 gm of leaves in 150 ml of water for gargles and compress.
- 3 to 5 gm of leaves twice a day for its tea or infusion.
- 5 ml of fluid extract (1:1) after diluting it in a cup of water can be taken thrice a day.
Sage Herb As A Food Article:
Chinese preferred its tea to their native herbal tea. S. grandiflora or Balsamic Sage, a broad leaved variety with many flowered whorls, is also used as tea. The infusion of Veronica officinalis or Speedwell, Wood Betony and Sage is used as a beverage for tea in Holland.
Yellow flowered hardy Sage (S. glutinosa) and Garden Clary or S. sclarea are used to flavor wine. Italian farmers eat Sage with bread and butter as a health restorative.
The Applebearing Sage or S. pomifera has Sage apples. These are jelly like semitransparent excrescences. These are sold in the market with similar name. These are used by Greek to prepare sweetmeat and conserve with delicious taste.
Biochemical Composition Of Sage Herb:
- Yellow or greenish yellow volatile oil with specific gravity of 0.910 to 0.930 and a penetrating odor. The fresh leaves yield 0.5 to 1.0 % of oil while the dry leaves yield 1.0 to 3.0 % oil.
- A hydrocarbon, Salvene
- Pinene and Cineol in small quantities.
- Borneol and some esters.
- Thujone (alpha & beta Thujone) is the active principle – a ketone that gives the power to resist putrefaction in animal substances. It is present in 15 to 35% in its oil.
- Salviol, another chemical that is identical to Thujone.
- Dextro-Camphor in trace.
- Vitamin A & C is present.
- Rosmarinic acid
- bitter compounds (salvin and picrosalvin)
Sage oil is commercially obtained from S. officinalis. In Spain it is obtained from S. triloba.
The Brief History Of Sage Herb:
Sage has a history of several hundred years at least. Sometimes it had been mentioned as the herb of immortality. There are its references in Germany, England and France in old literature. Its medicinal and culinary properties had been well known. Gerald from England (1597) mentioned that it was grown in gardens at that time.
In the Middle age, this medicinal herb has been famous to the extent that this following proverb was in use – Cur moriatur homo cui Salvia crescit in horto? (‘Why should a man die until sage grows in his garden?’). Chinese loved this herb so much that they traded three bags of their tea for one bag of this herb with Dutch and English.
There are many stories and proverbs in old literature that describes it medicinal values as well as many of the beliefs associated with this herb – Rue should be planted with this herb to keep Toads away from this herb; it can remove physical and mental grief; sow all the graves with this herb; wife rules in the house wherein this herb grows in the garden; the withering or growth of this plant corresponds with the failure or success in monetary sense. Quite interesting! Many of them might look superstitious today but they point directly to its popularity and usefulness indirectly.
The International Herb Association conferred Salvia officinalis as the Herb of the year in 2001. It is famous for its culinary, medicinal, ornamental and craft uses.
It had been listed in United States Pharmacopoeia.