Thursday, May 28, 2020

Skin Disorders

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Common skin disorders are caused by numerous things such as allergies and infections. Sadly, the emotional scars may take more time to heal than the time it will take to treat the physical scars of skin diseases. Some types of diseases can be uncomfortable and may cause chronic disabilities.

Your skin is one of the most vulnerable organs of your body. Some disorders can be extremely serious, benign, or the symptoms of an unknown illness. Because of the seriousness of some disorders of the skin, you should consult your doctor or healthcare provider. There are some conditions that will require clinical care.

Conditions such as acne wreak havoc with teenagers. They can become very stressed from being so self-conscious about their appearance.

Skin-conditions such as dermatitis, cancer, acne, eczema, psoriasis, and rosacea are among the most common disorders.

Causes Of Common Skin Disorders

Sun Exposure

The sun’s ultraviolet rays can damage your skin, even more so if you get sunburned. It can result in skin cancer and premature aging.

Many prescription drugs increase the sensitivity of your skin to the sunlight. This can increase your chances of rashes or sunburn.

Skin Infections

These infections have a bacterial, viral, or a fungus type basis, such as athlete’s foot.

The body’s immune system has to fight off viral skin infections although you can treat the symptoms related to the virus.

Rashes and other lesions may be signs of skin disorders originating from an infection.

Irritants

Some of the skin problems are temporary and can be caused by insect bites, poison ivy or poison oak.

These create itchy rashes and in some cases pustules.

Prescription Drug Reactions

Drug reactions can cause rashes, hives, and swelling.

You should notify your healthcare provider if you develop any skin conditions after starting a new medication.

Allergies

Food allergies can be irritating and cause hives, rashes, itching and facial swelling.

It can be difficult to determine which food causes the reaction, unless you have just recently consumed a new food product. If you believe you have allergies related to food, you should consult your healthcare provider.

Genetics

If your family has a history of skin-disorders, you may have an increased risk for some skin conditions.

There are some conditions that have been found to be hereditary.

Acne Skin Problems

Acne is a common skin disorder. The increase of hormones enlarges the sebaceous gland thus plugging the pores of your skin which causes blemishes.

The most common form is acne vulgaris, experienced around puberty and typically of the face, shoulders and chest.

Nearly everyone has it at some time. It’s more common in men during childhood/adolescence. For women, it’s usually adulthood.

Approximately 85 percent of people develop this disorder between the ages of 10 and 25. In general, it goes away between the ages of 25 to 30.

Yet for some, it is a continuing problem.

The Different Types of Acne

Noninflammatory

A plugged follicle that stays below the surface of the skin is a whitehead. If the plug pushes through the skins surface, it’s called a blackhead.

Inflammatory

This is commonly referred to as a pimple.

Papule

Papule is the mildest form, and appears on the skin as a small, pink bump.

Pustule

Pustule is a small round lesion, clearly inflamed.

Nodules and Cysts

Nodules and Cysts are large, swollen and painful lesions that have ruptured under the skin. These can cause scarring.

Nodules and Cysts are large, swollen and painful lesions that have ruptured under the skin. These can cause scarring.

What Causes Acne?

Despite what anyone says, chocolate, pizza, and french fries are not among the causes of blemishes.

The primary problem is that the abnormal flaking of cells inside the hair follicle leads to the formation of a plug. This plug can enlarge and rupture the hair follicle. That causes the follicle to spill oil into the skin that leads to inflammation (swelling and redness.

It is believed acne may be hereditary, and due to genetics. Bacteria can produce substances that cause inflammation.

What Can I Do for my Acne?

You can develop some good habits to help prevent flare-ups.

Gentle Skin Cleansing

Use a mild cleanser to wash your skin. You should do this each morning and evening, and after any type of activity that causes you to sweat.

Scrubbing excessively is not recommended, this can worsen the problem. Check with your pharmacist for over the counter cleansers. Be sure to follow the instructions.

Avoid Sun Tanning and Sunburns

Acne medication makes your skin prone to sunburn. The risks of excessive sun exposure are skin aging and cancer. Wear protective clothing when you are outside in the light if you can.

Frequent Touching of Your Skin

You should avoid rubbing and touching your skin. Do not pick at the blemishes. This can cause scars as well. Wash your hands prior to applying your medication, and after.

Cosmetics

The cosmetics you choose should be oil free. If you are using medication such as tretinoin or benzoyl peroxide, it can cause redness or scaling of your skin. This makes some cosmetics hard to apply evenly, like foundation.

Additionally, if you have oily hair or use hair products that are oily, shampoo frequently.

Acne Medical Treatments

Over-the-counter Medications

Medications are the primary treatment for acne and normally work well. There are nonprescription treatments you can try such as soaps, cleansers and washes.

Benzoyl peroxide is common in many products over-the-counter. Benzoyl peroxide kills the bacteria. It also causes the skin to dry and flake, which prevents the pores from becoming plugged.

Prescription Medications

Antibiotics are effective in treating inflammatory acne. Antibiotics kill the bacteria by reducing the swelling and redness.

Retinoids, made from Vitamin A, are good for several types of lesions. Topical retinoids treat the noninflammatory types of acne. Your doctor may recommend other types of drugs or therapy for you.

If acne becomes severe and is not treated, it can cause scarring that will look like pits. This can be treated. Some of the treatments are skin-sanding or chemical peels. Steroid injections are also used as well as laser treatment.

Your doctor should be able to prescribe the best way to proceed if you would be interested in having scars removed.

Eczema Skin Problems

Eczema (also known as dermatitis), is the most common type of skin inflammation. It refers to a pattern of change in the surface of the skin.

It appears as red, itchy rashes that can be dry and irritated. It can also be extremely irritated and inflamed, oozing and crusted. It can start as a small section of skin and range to areas covering the entire body.

It can be triggered by anything that comes in contact with your skin.

Dermatitis affects all races and ages. Approximately 5 percent of adults are affected and 20 percent of children.

Dermatitis can appear differently on each person, depending on the type of eczema it is and the person. The response for treatment differs as well.

It’s a very irritating skin disorder because it is an itchy rash. It’s natural instinct to constantly want to scratch it.

The More Common Types of Eczema

Atopic eczema is also known as atopic dermatitis. This type comes and goes. It can be painful with severe itching and irritation, leaving the skin raw and vulnerable to infection.

Contact dermatitis occurs when irritants touch the skin. This can produce two types of dermatitis.

    Irritant Contact is caused by fragrance, sweat, detergents, household cleansers, and grass to name a few.

    Allergic Contact is caused by common allergies in the skin, such as poison ivy or oak, cosmetics, and medications.

Hand eczema is limited to the hands, and can occur from frequent repeated washing or exposure to chemicals. It can also result from allergies to rubber gloves or latex.

Nummular eczema is usually located on the legs. Coin-size patches of pink to red skin that can change to an orange cast and become crusted.

Seborrhoeic eczema is usually located on your scalp. In infants, it’s called “cradle cap,” in adults it’s called “dandruff.” It can spread to the face, ears and chest if not treated.

For infants, this usually clears up without treatment. Infants normally outgrow this within the first year. You can apply baby oil on the crusted areas and it will loosen up, then wash with baby shampoo.

For adults, dandruff shampoo is recommended. If it doesn’t clear up, your doctor may prescribe an antifungal cream.

The short-term symptoms are itchy skin, redness with small blisters or bumps. If you don’t treat this, the skin can become thick, scaly and dry.

In some severe cases, your doctor may use topical steroids or oral steroids. However, these shouldn’t be taken for prolonged periods because of the side affects. Be sure to contact your doctor if your skin becomes cracked or blistered with drainage to prevent infection.

The Causes of Eczema

The exact cause is unknown. The theories for the causes are immune system response, allergens or contact with irritants such as chemicals, retention of fluid in the legs, and a hereditary component.

Common Triggers

  • Soaps, household cleansers and detergents
  • Emotional stress
  • Clothing, especially wool and rough textured materials
  • Humid or dry, hot or cold weather
  • Sweating
  • Fragrances and cosmetics
  • Bacteria

The Symptoms of Eczema

  • Intense itching, including to the point of insomnia
  • The rash burns or itches, when scratched it may ooze and become crusty
  • Red bumps develop and when scratched, appear to make the rash look wet
  • Cracks can develop which are painful

Prevention and Treatment For Eczema

  • Avoid extreme temperatures and dry air
  • Avoid harsh soaps, cleansers and detergents
  • Avoid irritating fabrics such as wool or polyester
  • Avoid irritating chemicals and other substances that you know irritates your skin
  • Don’t rub your skin dry after bathing or showering, this can worsen the condition. Instead, pat yourself dry.
  • Use a good moisturizer. This helps reduce inflammation and keeps the skin moist.
  • Take tepid showers rather than hot showers or baths. Use a mild soap.
  • After being active and you are sweating, shower right away and use moisturizer after. Try to avoid sweating while you have the rash
  • Avoid any known irritants to prevent flare-ups.
  • Avoid stress
  • Eat healthy and rest

Non-Prescription Medical Treatment

You can also use an over-the-counter hydrocortisone and a lotion such as Calamine or Camphor. Oral over-the-counter medications such as Benadryl can be taken, however check the labels, some of these medications may cause drowsiness.

Cleanse the rash area every day with a hypoallergenic soap and apply lubricating lotion after.

Prescription Medical Treatment

Normally prescription strength steroid creams and antihistamines are used. Antihistamines help relieve the itching without making you drowsy. Antibiotics and anti-fungal creams may be prescribed if there is a possibility of infection.

Your doctor or healthcare provider may also have you make some changes in your diet.

Eczema may go away if you identify the trigger causing it and can change that. Being able to identify your triggers is the most difficult part of the process.

Rosacea Skin Problems

Did you know Rosacea affects about 13 million people in the United States alone? It is treatable and you can be proactive in your rosacea skin care and treatment.

The key is to see your dermatologist as soon as possible. Early diagnosis and treatment can control the signs and symptoms.

Doctors also believe early detection and treatment can reverse the progression. The longer it is left untreated, the worse it becomes and the more difficult to treat.

It is a fairly common disorder and causes redness and inflammation of the face.

It usually affects fair-skinned people from the 20’s up through the 50’s. Women are affected more than men in the earlier stages.

The Symptoms of Rosacea

If you have any of the following symptoms, you should consult your dermatologist right away.

Flushing of the Face or Neck
Flushing occurs when increased amounts of blood flow through your vessels very quickly. The vessels expand to allow the flow. Redness may be more noticeable.

Dry Skin
You have increased dryness in your facial skin.

Red Lines
Telangiectasias (red lines) may appear when flushed. Your blood vessels enlarge and show through your skin, especially in the cheek area.

Pimples
You may develop pimples that contain pus, and look like small red bumps.

Rhinophyma
Rhinophyma are nasal bumps. These appear more on men then women.

Burning or Itching
Physical symptoms may be burning or itching.

The Stages It Rosacea Evolves In

  • The facial redness looks like a sunburn or blush, which happens when excess blood flows rapidly through vessels and they enlarge to handle the flow.
  • Small, red and pus-filled lesions appear on the face. This can look like acne, however rosacea doesn’t have whiteheads and blackheads like acne.
  • Small red lines that look like tiny vessels called telangiectasias, appear on the face. Flushing causes the vessels to expand. When they show through the skin, they look very thin.
  •  Nasal Lumps/Bumps can appear on the nose and make it look more swollen and disfigured if it’s not treated. It occurs more in men than women.

Prevention Tips For Rosacea

  • Cleanse your skin with a mild non-irritating cleanser. Rinse your skin thoroughly and pat it dry. Rosacea is noted for dryness of the skin. Moisturize your skin each time you wash it.
  • Use a good water-based moisturizer, one that doesn’t contain fragrances or lanolin.
  • If you use cosmetics or make up to help camouflage the redness, get a good oil free or water based foundation to use.
  • Avoid stressful situations
  • Drink at least 8 ounces of water each day
  • Avoid stimulants such as coffee, tea, cigarettes, and excessive sugar
  • If you drink alcohol, minimize it. It is a diuretic and it pushes water out of body cells.
  • Take tepid showers rather than hot showers or baths. Use a mild soap.
  • Don’t rub your skin dry after bathing or showering, this can worsen the condition. Instead, pat yourself dry.
  • If your eyes are affected, apply warm compresses several times a day. Wash your eyelids with an over-the-counter product for eyes. Use natural tears if your eyes become very dry.
  • Change wash-cloths and body towels after each use to eliminate bacteria
  • If you have to be in the sun, use a sunscreen preferably of the broad spectrum UVA with a sun protection factor of SPF 45 or higher. The sun causes skin cancer and irritates rosacea.
  • Avoid products that can irritate your skin. Soaps, astringents, abrasives and strong detergents or chemicals are very irritating.
  • Avoid potential triggers. Keep a diary of your flare ups. Note when they happen, what you have eaten, what the weather is and any other information pertinent to the incident. Identifying and avoiding these triggers will help reduce your symptoms.

Rosacea Medical Treatment

Rosacea currently has no cure, however there are various treatments that can help control it. Treatment may also keep it from progressing.

The symptoms of rosacea usually vary for each person. Treatment choices depend on the type and severity of rosacea. Improvements may not be seen before several weeks or months.

Topical Treatments
These are applied to the skin and used to reduce the papules and pustules. They include creams, gels, ointments, and solutions. Some of the common ones are metronidazole, azaleic acid, benzoyl peroxide, clindamycin and sulfacetamide.

Oral Antibiotics
These tend to work faster and may be prescribed. Some of the common ones are doxycycline, erythromycin, minocycline and tetracycline.

Eye Problems
Rosacea may also affect your eyes. Inflammation of your eyelids can develop. You should cleanse your eyelids often. You can use an over-the-counter cleansing product for the eyes. Warm compresses should also be applied daily. Your doctor may prescribe the above antibiotics for this problem.

Glycolic Acid Peels
Your dermatologist may use this treatment. It is given every two weeks normally, but sometimes it can be every three or four weeks.

Other Treatment Methods
Depending on your condition and needs there are other treatments your dermatologist may recommend. To remove the visible blood vessels, treatments used can include laser surgery, electrosurgery, vascular lasers and dermabrasion.

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