Friday, February 26, 2021

Skin Types & Care


Skin type describes and interprets the how and why your skin looks, feels and performs as it does. Types of skin have been categorized mainly by the cosmetic industry.

There are four basic skin care types.

Oily skin has a shine to it. It’s normally prone to black heads and acne. Oily skin is caused by an overactive sebaceous gland, it’s affected by hormones, and it’s genetic.

Dry skin, also known as xerosis, is a very common problem and affects many people. Applying a good care regimen normally shows results within two weeks.

Combination skin seems to be the most common type. It’s often a manifestation of the skin condition called seborrhea, seborrheic eczema and seborrheic dermatitis.

Do you experience stinging, burning, redness or tightness right after using products? According to dermatologists, the diagnosis has unidentified causes in the analysis of sensitive skin. Inclusive are age, gender, and race and age differences.

Normal skin is radiant and pinkish with barely visible pores and no imperfections. It has sufficient water and lipids.

Oily Skin…Can I Control It?

We know oily skin is caused by an overactive sebaceous gland, it’s affected by hormones, and it’s genetic.

How does this information help me?

Knowing the causes help you understand the problem, and relieve your mind of the fact…

“It’s not your fault!”

It’s cause by the sebaceous gland producing too much oil. It’s a large gland and most active in the nose area.

The pores in this area are also larger to allow the larger flow of oil produced.

The glands respond differently in each person, therefore the amount of oil produced is different.

Oily Skin Care Regimen

Oily skin cannot be stopped,but you can make changes that will help control it.

Using the right skin care products for oily skin is as important as the routine you implement.

Healthy Dietary Changes

Although foods don’t directly affect oily skin, it is recommended that you eat healthier for cleansing internally.

  1. Eliminate sugar, soft drinks and sweets as much as you can.
  2. Use saturated fats and oils very sparingly.
  3. Add more fresh fruits and vegetables to your diet.
  4. Add more whole grains, legumes, and nuts to your diet.
  5. Research indicates iodine aggravates acne. You should reduce (but don’t eliminate) your intake of fish.
  6. Use regular salt as opposed to iodized salt.
  7. Don’t forget to hydrate, lots of water is great for any skin type and for you!

Caring For Oily Skin

  1. Use a mild cleanser, and gently wash your face twice a day, three times if needed. This skin type attracts dirt. Dirt and oil aggravates the clogging of your pores. Wash with warm water to loosen the dirt and rinse with cold water. Make sure your cleanser doesn’t dry out your skin.
  2. Avoid cold creams and lotions, they leave a greasy film on your face. Use water-based and non-comedogenic moisturizer as needed.
  3. Use toners and astringents which contain alcohol. Use a light, non-greasy liquid cleanser.
  4. Choose cosmetics that are water-based or non-comedogenic. The oil based cosmetics leave a greasy film on your skin and tend to create further blemishes.
  5. Always remove your makeup before going to bed and cleanse your face.
  6. Stress is a factor! So relax… and enjoy yourself!

Itchy Dry There Relief?

Dry Skin, also known as xerosis, is a very common problem and affects many people.

By applying a daily skin care regimen you will notice an improvement in as little as two weeks.

The main symptoms are itching and flaky skin, sometimes the skin may be more wrinkled than normal.

If you spend a lot of time inside during the winter months, it tends to worsen because the heated air is dry.

The sebaceous glands produce sebum, which is an oily matter that helps protect the skin from the evaporation of water. If the glands don’t produce enough sebum, the skin loses water causing dryness.

Another theory is the skin cells have become damaged, generating water loss. The priority is to protect and improve the damaged skin.

Tips For Dry Skin

Prevention is important, by following these tips, you can reduce or prevent dry skin.

  • During the indoor heating season, use a humidifier to raise the humidity level. Low humidity can cause dry skin.
  • Use a sunscreen with a moisturizer. Light damages the skin. If you can, wear protective clothing when you’re outside.
  • Avoid harsh soaps, bath oil, harsh cleaners, and don’t overuse antiperspirants or perfumes.
  • Use a gentle cleanser, one with a high fat content or glycerin that will moisturize your dry skin.
  • Use tepid water when you shower. Limit your time in the shower or bath. Long baths and showers are nice, but you’ll remove more natural oils from your skin.
  • Moisturize…Moisturize.. and Moisturize. It should be loaded with antioxidants, glycerin, urea, sorbitol, alpha hydroxy acids.
  • Carry your moisturizer with you. Always reapply when you wash your hands.
  • Be aware of everything you use on and near your skin, including clothing. Some fabrics are very irritating.

If your skin becomes cracked from the dryness, you should consult your doctor or healthcare provider.

Combination Skin Care

Combination skin seems to be the most common of the skin types.

It can be an indication of seborrhea, seborrheic dermatitis and seborrheic eczema, which are skin conditions.

Seborrhea is an over production of oil on the scalp and face.

The area along your forehead, down the nose and the chin is the oily part of this skin type, or the T-zone.

The T-zone area has more oil glands and will have more blemishes because of the excess oil.

Other areas of your face are apt to be flaky and dry because of a lack of oil.

Because of the difference in the areas of combination skin, the skin care products you use will be different.

Products you will use for the T-zone helps absorb the oil.

Products you will use on the rest of your face need to be for dry or normal skin. That will depend on your particular case.

If your skin outside the T-zone is dry and flaky, treat it with dry skin care products.

Tips for Combination Skin Care

  • Wash your face with a gentle, water-soluble cleanser. A gel based or mild foaming cleanser works well.
  • Avoid bar soaps or bar cleansers of any kind.
  • Use a good sunscreen with UVA protecting ingredients.
  • Exfoliate with a beta hydroxy acid product.
  • Treat dry areas with a moisturizer loaded with antioxidants.
  • Use products that normalize your skin, ones that contain alpha hydroxy acids (AHAs or fruit acids) or retinols.

The T-Zone Area

  • Use an oil-absorbing facial mask as needed.
  • Apply a topical antibacterial product containing benzyl peroxide to blemishes.
  • Use oil-blotting papers to absorb the excess oil and touch up with a light weight, sheer pressed powder.

How to Care for Sensitive Skin

Do you have sensitive skin? Do you experience stinging, burning, redness or tightness right after using products?

According to dermatologists, the diagnosis has unidentified causes in the analysis. Inclusive are age, gender, and race and age differences.

If you have sensitive skin, there are several distinctive skin traits that influence your skin barriers and immune system.

This may make you more prone to irritations of the skin.

Cosmetics and/or skin care products may cause reactions such as small or large bumps, pustules, redness, and sometimes erosion.

People that have sensitive skin are more susceptible to the wind sun, cold, and heat. Often skin care products and cosmetics you use can cause reactions.

Environmental elements can damage your skin to the extent of developing itchy, red skin.

Tips for Sensitive Skin

  • Choose skin care products that are high quality for your type of skin.
  • Use products containing parbens such as butyl paraben or methyl.
  • Avoid products that have anti-bacterial or botanical components.
  • Avoid solvents that contain ethanol and propylene glycol.
  • Use products that contain polyethylene glycol.
  • Choose products such as moisturizers and sunscreen that are hypoallergenic and fragrance free.
  • Avoid over exposure of the sun, determine the right sunscreen for your skin type.
  • Avoid harsh soaps, bath oil, harsh cleaners, and don’t overuse antiperspirants or perfumes.
  • Don’t overwash your face.
  • Don’t use exfolliants.

Testing New Products

When you’re trying new products, test them by applying a small amount behind your ear.

If after a week there are no reactions, then test it on a small area under or alongside your eye. Again, wait to make sure there are no reactions.

If you have extremely sensitive skin and are aware of certain areas that are more sensitive than others, by all means test that area.

If there are no reactions, the product should be safe for overall facial application.

Guidelines for Normal Healthy Skin Care

  • Wash your skin thoroughly. Be gentle with your skin and use a mild, non-drying cleanser. Never use bar soaps and cleansers, they dry and irritate skin.
  • At least twice a week, exfoliate after washing your face to remove dead skin cells.
  • Give your facial skin hydrating nourishment from facial masks twice a week. Natural hydrating masks made from fruit are excellent.
  • Never go to bed with your make up on. It can clog your pores and create blemishes.
  • Drink plenty of water each day, hydration is a must.
  • Get plenty of sleep.

For Healthier Skin, Avoid the Following:

  • Avoid over exposure of the sun, determine the right sunscreen for your skin type.
  • Try to avoid stressful situations, they make an impact and show up on your face.
  • Avoid overly abrasive scrubs that contain aluminum oxide crystals or pumice, and scrub mitts and loofahs.
  • Avoid toners and astringents that contain alcohol and menthol, and facial masks containing polyvinyl alcohol.

The aging process is usually factored in skin care because of wrinkles.

Research has shown proper nutrition can slow down and even prevent many health related issues to aging.

Regardless of age, all skin types need sun protection, antioxidants, and health inducing products.

Don’t forget, your entire body needs a good skin care regimen. Take time to to schedule yours daily!

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