The symptoms of cystitis can be severe, but you don’t need to let them scare you. The problem can be permanently solved with an appropriate treatment.
Cystitis is an inflammation of the bladder, triggered by the penetration of germs in this organ. It is a common condition and almost all women suffer from cystitis at some point. Instead, it is quite rare among men. Why? Urethra, the tube through which urine is eliminated from the bladder, is shorter in women than in men. Therefore, the pathogens which may be located in the genital or anal area don’t have too long to travel to the bladder. This explains why over 90% of cases of cystitis are caused by Escherichia coli, a bacterium common in colon and rectum. 50% of women face the bladder inflammation at some point of their life.
Cold Weather Encourages Cystitis
Cystitis doesn’t appear all of a sudden, but it gives you obvious signs from the beginning. There is not way you might think everything’s all right, the disease is manifested by pain on urination, burning, cloudy urine, increasing the number of daily urination, involuntary loss of urine, supra pubic pain, low back pain. Sometimes you can see the presence of drops of blood in the urine. If fever occurs, that means there’s already a more serious infection of the urinary tract. Young women, the sexually active ones, pregnant women or those at menopause are most prone to cystitis.
Hormonal changes, poor local hygiene, frequent intercourse, cold or constipation favors the onset of the disease. Often cystitis occurs after a sexual contact. During intercourse, bacteria that are often present in areas below the urethra and vagina are moving to the bladder . Usually, the body eliminates bacteria in the urine, but when it fails, it triggers cystitis. In men, the condition often occurs following the increase in prostate size. The symptoms are much lighter for men, and the disease can even go unnoticed.
The Correct Diagnosis
Cystitis is not a dangerous disease, but when untreated it can lead to a serious kidney infection. Sometimes, however, cystitis can develop dangerous complications such as tuberculosis or pelvic tumors. For diagnosing cystitis , the doctors recommend an analysis of urine samples. In some cases, although there are symptoms of cystitis, laboratory tests may show no infection. The condition is then due to increased sensitiveness of mucosa in stress circumstances. An antibiotics based treatment is recommended in case of cystitis; young women who sexually active can use a regimen of three days ; a variant of the standard treatment of seven to ten days is indicated for pregnant women, elderly, children, men, people with recurrent urinary tract infections, diabetes. Symptoms usually improve within 48 hours from the start of treatment. Warning! If the infection recurs, do not treat yourself at home copying the previous treatment. Go to the doctor, he will prescribe you appropriate medication after a new analysis of urine.
- Drink plenty of water and juices daily to cleanse the bladder and urethra. You need to drink least two liters of fluids per day, say the experts, because once you remove those liquids from your body you also remove the bacteria responsible for the appearance of cystitis;
- Wear cotton underwear, not too tight;
- Wash your body and hands every time before and after sexual intercourse;
- Beware the cold, especially during menstruation. Avoid going barefoot on the tiles.